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the_nature_of_mass_poverty [2009/02/11 04:42]
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the_nature_of_mass_poverty [2010/02/03 12:00] (current)
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 > An end to injustice, to remind, is not necessarily or even usually an end to poverty. ---page 133 > An end to injustice, to remind, is not necessarily or even usually an end to poverty. ---page 133
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 ^ The poor world'​s explanations ​ ^^ ^ The poor world'​s explanations ​ ^^
 | Legacy of colonialism ​ |The main problems are (a) the diverse impacts of colonialism on different countries (particularly considering the USA, Canada and ANZ) and (b) the length of time that Latin America has been free of Spain (ignoring US influence). ​ Also a comparison of independent Ethiopia and Thailand with their neighbours.| | Legacy of colonialism ​ |The main problems are (a) the diverse impacts of colonialism on different countries (particularly considering the USA, Canada and ANZ) and (b) the length of time that Latin America has been free of Spain (ignoring US influence). ​ Also a comparison of independent Ethiopia and Thailand with their neighbours.|
-| Producers of agricultural products and raw materials "​suffer persistently in the terms of trade with the industrialised lands" |The main problems are the USA and Australia. ​ "There is merit in this range of argument, as I will later suggest... but "If to be a producer of primary products... places a country in the Third World, then the United States... is, by a wide margin, the first of the Third World nations."​((p20.))|+| Producers of agricultural products and raw materials "​suffer persistently in the terms of trade with the industrialised lands" |The main problems are the USA and Australia. ​ "There is merit in this range of argument, as I will later suggest" ​but "If to be a producer of primary products... places a country in the Third World, then the United States... is, by a wide margin, the first of the Third World nations."​((p20.))|
  
  
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 Galbraith declines to comment in detail on the content of education, deferring to those with more relevant experience. ​ He only says that there is no viable short-cut in attempting to teach advanced agricultural methods to the otherwise uneducated. ​ It has been tried repeatedly and failed. ​ It is through more gradual and subtle processes that education combats accommodation. Galbraith declines to comment in detail on the content of education, deferring to those with more relevant experience. ​ He only says that there is no viable short-cut in attempting to teach advanced agricultural methods to the otherwise uneducated. ​ It has been tried repeatedly and failed. ​ It is through more gradual and subtle processes that education combats accommodation.
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 ===== Escape within Poverty ===== ===== Escape within Poverty =====
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 Two features of agricultural extension programmes are necessary: they must follow improvements in education, not precede them, if they are going to exploit the increased number of farmers rejecting accommodation,​ and they should target those most keen to adopt them rather than trying to reach the poorest, or to attempt universal coverage. ​ This runs contrary to the conventional wisdom: Two features of agricultural extension programmes are necessary: they must follow improvements in education, not precede them, if they are going to exploit the increased number of farmers rejecting accommodation,​ and they should target those most keen to adopt them rather than trying to reach the poorest, or to attempt universal coverage. ​ This runs contrary to the conventional wisdom:
  
-> Nothing in the past has so criticised efforts at agricultural improvement as the charge that "they are reaching only a small minority of producers. ​ They are not reaching the poor farmers. ​ There should be no such effort to reach the indifferent farmers. ​ Agricultural extension should reach only those who resist accommodation... ---page 104 +> Nothing in the past has so criticised efforts at agricultural improvement as the charge that "they are reaching only a small minority of producers. ​ They are not reaching the poor farmers." ​ There should be no such effort to reach the indifferent farmers. ​ Agricultural extension should reach only those who resist accommodation... ---page 104 
  
 ====== The Industrial Escape ====== ====== The Industrial Escape ======
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