User Tools

Site Tools


the_new_industrial_state

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

the_new_industrial_state [2010/01/26 15:51]
will
the_new_industrial_state [2017/12/07 15:47] (current)
will [Change and the Industrial System]
Line 11: Line 11:
 Less frequently celebrated, there has been a vast increase in the human effort expended in advertising. ​ "In its cost and the talent it commands, this activity is coming increasingly to rival the effort devoted to the production of goods."​((p23.)) ​ Union membership is no longer increasing, having peaked at 25.2 per cent of the workforce in 1956 and having declined since. ​ There has been a large increase in enrolment in higher education, and a somewhat lagging increase in funding. Less frequently celebrated, there has been a vast increase in the human effort expended in advertising. ​ "In its cost and the talent it commands, this activity is coming increasingly to rival the effort devoted to the production of goods."​((p23.)) ​ Union membership is no longer increasing, having peaked at 25.2 per cent of the workforce in 1956 and having declined since. ​ There has been a large increase in enrolment in higher education, and a somewhat lagging increase in funding.
  
-These changes should be seen holistically. ​ In sum, they create the need and the opportunity for large industrial organisation. ​ Economic systems tend to converge on the large, bureaucratic industrial system.  ​There shape is thus more determined by technology and organisation than by ideology.+These changes should be seen holistically. ​ In sum, they create the need and the opportunity for large industrial organisation. ​ Economic systems tend to converge on the large, bureaucratic industrial system.  ​Their shape is thus more determined by technology and organisation than by ideology.
  
 The traditional and pedagogically convenient view of America as a free market capitalist economy dominated by small firms with little capital is a poor representative of a substantial part of the economy. ​ It is a reasonable description of many remaining industries, such as agriculture,​ truck mines, painting, musical composition,​ much writing, the professions,​ some vice, handicrafts,​ some retail trade and a large number of repairing, cleaning, refurbishing,​ cosmetic and other household and personal services. ​ However, this is not the sector of the economy under change. ​ The Industrial System as we shall call it, consisting of 500-600 corporations in sectors such as communications,​ production and distribution of electricity,​ transportation,​ manufacturing and mining, much retail trade and entertainment is very different in character, poorly described by economists and the source of the visible and important changes in the economy. ​ The industrial system is a dominant feature of the Industrial State. The traditional and pedagogically convenient view of America as a free market capitalist economy dominated by small firms with little capital is a poor representative of a substantial part of the economy. ​ It is a reasonable description of many remaining industries, such as agriculture,​ truck mines, painting, musical composition,​ much writing, the professions,​ some vice, handicrafts,​ some retail trade and a large number of repairing, cleaning, refurbishing,​ cosmetic and other household and personal services. ​ However, this is not the sector of the economy under change. ​ The Industrial System as we shall call it, consisting of 500-600 corporations in sectors such as communications,​ production and distribution of electricity,​ transportation,​ manufacturing and mining, much retail trade and entertainment is very different in character, poorly described by economists and the source of the visible and important changes in the economy. ​ The industrial system is a dominant feature of the Industrial State.
Line 512: Line 512:
  
 > The price that the industrial system must pay for its people and the conduct of its research is the support of general enlightenment. ---p367 > The price that the industrial system must pay for its people and the conduct of its research is the support of general enlightenment. ---p367
 +
  
 ===== The Political Lead ===== ===== The Political Lead =====
Line 517: Line 518:
 At this moment there is a considerable if rather unfocused atmosphere of dissent amongst younger people. ​ As yet it has no coherent political leadership. ​ This ought to come from the scientific and educational estate. ​ It has the required scepticism about the industrial system'​s objectives and current trends in foreign policy under the guidance of the industrial system. ​ Since World War II, scientists have already emerged as an independent political force, especially where science imposes on foreign policy. ​ The nuclear test ban treaty of 1963, for example, would not have been achieved without the initiative of the scientific community. At this moment there is a considerable if rather unfocused atmosphere of dissent amongst younger people. ​ As yet it has no coherent political leadership. ​ This ought to come from the scientific and educational estate. ​ It has the required scepticism about the industrial system'​s objectives and current trends in foreign policy under the guidance of the industrial system. ​ Since World War II, scientists have already emerged as an independent political force, especially where science imposes on foreign policy. ​ The nuclear test ban treaty of 1963, for example, would not have been achieved without the initiative of the scientific community.
  
-> General public and political awareness of the dangers of nuclear conflict, the desirability of détente ​with the Soviet Union and the technical possibilities for disarmament owes a great deal to the scientific community. ​ It owes very little to the military, diplomatic and industrial community. ---p375+> General public and political awareness of the dangers of nuclear conflict, the desirability of détente ​with the Soviet Union and the technical possibilities for disarmament owes a great deal to the scientific community. ​ It owes very little to the military, diplomatic and industrial community. ---p375
  
 Economists are more or less useless in this role.  Where economic goals are of central importance, economists are useful --- in a wider debate that considers production against goals which cannot by analysed using the economist'​s toolbox, he ought to be marginalised,​ even if his technical understanding is greater than those with a more balanced perspective. ​ Economists are the natural ally of the industrial system. ​ Recently, so has the liberal been --- to be a liberal in recent times has meant to be an economic liberal, espousing increased production, employment, management of aggregate demand and greater equality of wages. ​ These are no longer an appropriate liberal platform --- they need no liberal advocacy to be enacted, the industrial system is more than capable of fighting their corner unaided. ​ The liberal economic programme, in other words, has run its course --- it is time to find a new one. Economists are more or less useless in this role.  Where economic goals are of central importance, economists are useful --- in a wider debate that considers production against goals which cannot by analysed using the economist'​s toolbox, he ought to be marginalised,​ even if his technical understanding is greater than those with a more balanced perspective. ​ Economists are the natural ally of the industrial system. ​ Recently, so has the liberal been --- to be a liberal in recent times has meant to be an economic liberal, espousing increased production, employment, management of aggregate demand and greater equality of wages. ​ These are no longer an appropriate liberal platform --- they need no liberal advocacy to be enacted, the industrial system is more than capable of fighting their corner unaided. ​ The liberal economic programme, in other words, has run its course --- it is time to find a new one.
the_new_industrial_state.1264521113.txt.gz · Last modified: 2010/01/26 12:00 (external edit)